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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Morphology and socio-economic organisation of settlement among the northeast Yoruba: an archaeological perspective
Author:Oyelaran, Philip A.ISNI
Periodical:African Notes: Bulletin of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan
Geographic term:Nigeria
Abstract:Using the concept of settlement archaeology, the author evaluates the morphology and the spatial and socioeconomic organization of the early settlements located in the territory inhabited by the northeast Yoruba, which corresponds to the Ijumu Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. The settlement sites can be divided into three different categories, based mainly on their chronological and topographical position and their structure, viz. hilltop settlements, lowland settlements and associated ironworking sites, and rockshelters, rock overhangs and 'Okuta' (low-lying rock outcrops). The division tends to reflect the cultural response of humans to environmental and sociopolitical situations. Available archaeological and historical evidence indicates that most of the earliest settlements in northeast Yorubaland were probably located in the lowlands, and on rock outcrops and rockshelters, and that hill dwelling may not have been such an important phenomenon before security considerations during the political emergencies of the 19th century led people to settle on hilltops. Bibliogr.