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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Government Policy on Technological Development in Nigeria: An Appraisal
Author:Davies, Arthur E.
Year:1998
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Volume:23
Issue:1
Pages:143-160
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:science and technology policy
technology
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
science and technology
government policy
economic development
science education
Research and development
Technology transfer
Abstract:The indigenous technological process in Nigeria was dislocated as a result of the massive importation of machinery under British colonialism, while the education system did nothing to promote indigenous technological know-how. Following independence, the failure to invest in research centres and the absence of a coherent science and technology policy helped to prolong Nigeria's technological dependence. The Fourth National Development Plan, 1981-1985, laid the foundations of a technology policy and programme that would enhance technological advancement. It can be seen as the precursor of the science and technology policy launched by the Nigerian government under General Ibrahim Babangida in 1987. This policy is comprehensive and the structures put in place for the realization of its objectives are quite impressive. Nonetheless, numerous problems hinder its effective implementation. These include a weak research and development culture, low funding and injudicious use of budgetary allocations, a faulty education system, lack of collaborative efforts in scientific research, and ineffective scrutiny of transferred technology. In order to close the implementation gap there must be adequate funding, science education must be improved, appropriate technology developed, and facilities for documenting scientific information created. Bibliogr., sum. in French.
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