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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Governance and Local Environmental Management in Africa
Author:Woodhouse, Philip
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic term:Kenya
environmental policy
natural resource management
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
External links:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03056249708704280
Abstract:Current policy prescriptions for environmental management in Africa emphasize devolution of resource management to local nongovernment and community organizations. They challenge the long-standing orthodoxy of environmental conservation based on land privatization, and instead favour local institutions managing resources as common property. Implicit in much of current policy is the assumption that devolution of natural resource management will be socially redistributive as well as environmentally benign. This article draws on preliminary findings from a study of local resource management in Loitokitok Division of Kajiado District, Kenya, to question this assumption. The case study in Loitokitok is one of four being undertaken in different African dryland areas and which focus on 'wetlands in drylands': relatively small-scale water resources in predominantly dry landscapes. These are regarded as 'key resources' over which competition for access can be expected to be acute. Evidence from Maasai group ranches in southern Kenya suggests that to address equality goals, policy must take more explicit account of the social dynamics underlying local power relations, and the way these are conditioned by the nonlocal political environment. Bibliogr., sum.