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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The upgrading of Freedom Square informal settlement in Bloemfontein: lessons for future low-income housing
Authors:Marais, LochnerISNI
Krige, SkipISNI
Periodical:Urban Forum
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:informal settlements
housing policy
External link:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03036768
Abstract:Since the abolition of apartheid there has been a radical change in migration and settlement dynamics in South Africa. In the Free State, up to 50 percent of rural people on commercial farms in the province have migrated to urban areas since 1991, settling mainly in informal settlements on the periphery of almost all urban areas. The influx of mainly poor and illiterate people has resulted in increased pressure on the existing land available for urban development, on basic infrastructure, municipal services, facilities, and jobs. Between 1992 and 1994 Freedom Square, an informal settlement in Bloemfontein, was upgraded and transformed into a formal suburb of the township of Mangaung. This paper examines the upgrading of Freedom Square in order to evaluate important factors in respect of future low-income housing delivery in South Africa. A questionnaire was used to interview 103 respondents from a household population of 2000. Following an outline of their research methodology, the authors discuss lessons that can be drawn with regard to spatial aspects, community participation, tenure, standards, resettlement of residents, and incorporation into the greater Bloemfontein. In conclusion, they consider the future development of site and service schemes and upgrading projects in South Africa. Bibliogr., note.