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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Settlers, the State and Colonial Power: The Colonization of Queen Adelaide Province, 1834-37
Author:Lester, Alan
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic terms:South Africa
Great Britain
colonial conquest
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Abstract:Queen Adelaide Province in South Africa consisted of some 7,000 square miles of Rarabe Xhosa territory annexed by the British Cape colonial government in May 1835 during the Sixth Frontier War. The province was held only until the end of 1836 when it was abandoned under pressure from the imperial government. In recent overviews, the British annexation of Queen Adelaide Province has come to represent the success of expansionist settler capitalist designs in securing colonial government support. This article seeks to qualify this representation by pointing out ambivalences in colonial approaches to the province. Settler and official responses to the issues of land, labour and colonial security, raised by the annexation of Xhosa territory, are shown to be contradictory as often as they were reinforcing. Missionaries' reactions to the extension of colonial authority are also revealed to be differentiated in certain respects. The article suggests that far from the annexation marking the imposition of direct colonial State control, the province's administration was necessarily characterized by accommodation and compromise between officials and missionaries, on the one hand, and Xhosa chiefly authority, on the other. Overall, the study indicates that a decisive shift in the balance of power, in favour of State-sponsored settler capitalism, had not yet occurred by the late 1830s. Notes, ref., sum.