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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Review of African Psychology in West Africa
Author:Twe, Boikai S.
Periodical:Liberian Studies Journal
Geographic terms:Sierra Leone
Subjects:African identity
Health and Nutrition
Abstract:In order to understand the African mind one must take a holistic and natural approach. There is a connection between the African mind and global events and cosmic cycles. This review looks at three phases of the transformative power and complexity of the African psyche in traditional, colonial and neocolonial West Africa, particularly Sierra Leone and Liberia. The colonial experience introduced Euroamerican lifestyles as well as increased self-alienation, ethnicity, prejudices and inequalities among West Africans. The complex web of colonial forces and unjust choices by West Africans led to the disruption of traditional order, justice and truth ('Maat'). Ultimately, this led to fragmentation of the African mind and soul. The feminine principle of 'Maat' was overthrown by the masculine principle of power and materialism which came from the North and the West. Patriarchy and manufactured products came to dominate African consciousness and ethics. The independence revolution succeeded in psychologically reviving the West African soul but failed to liberate it from the colonial mentality. If West Africans were to engage in more self-study and synthesize the traditional colonial and neocolonial phases of their psychic, 'Maat' could be reintroduced with the hidden higher powers of the African mind and soul. Bibliogr., notes, ref.