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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Asylum under threat in the 1990s: the challenges of international refugee protection in East and West Africa
Author:Tigere, PatrickISNI
Periodical:Annual conference - African Society of International and Comparative Law
Geographic terms:East Africa
West Africa
African agreements
Abstract:Historically Africa has been credited with having a liberal asylum policy. In the last four years, however, the legal regime for international and municipal protection of refugee rights has been under stress as African States that were normally bastions of hospitality to refugees have begun a discernible retreat from their traditional practice. Although the protection contained in the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1969 OAU Convention governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa was accepted by African countries without reservation, there has been incidence of the violation of the principle of the 'prohibition of expulsion or return ('refoulement')' in Tanzania (expulsion of Rwandese and Burundian refugees), and in Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana and Sierra Leone (denial of entry to Liberian refugees). In addition, the physical security of refugees in Africa during flight or after their arrival in asylum countries often is not guaranteed. Less evident, but with a direct impact on the lives of refugees in Africa, are the administrative restrictions on the full enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights guaranteed under the 1951 Convention. Ref.