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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'He Did What Any Other Person in His Position Would Have Done to Fight the Forces of Invasion and Disruption': Africans, the Land and Contending Images of King Dingane ('The Patriot') in the Twentieth Century, 1916-1950s
Author:Ndlovu, Sifiso MxolisiISNI
Periodical:South African Historical Journal
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:Zulu polity
traditional rulers
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
About person:Dingaan king of Zululand (ca. 1793-1840)ISNI
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02582479808671314
Abstract:This article examines the efforts of African intellectuals, authors, politicians and writers in the construction of images of King Dingane during the 20th century. In contrast to the well studied reign of his predecessor, King Shaka, there is a dearth of academic studies providing an interpretation of Dingane's reign. In 1911 the defeat of King Dingane on 16 December 1838, 'Dingaan's Day', became an official public holiday in the new Union of South Africa. In 1952 it became the 'Day of the Vow', belonging to Afrikaners specifically. African people were not passive in the face of these developments. A particular Africanist approach to history was beginning to take shape in the first half of the 20th century - underpinned by both African and ethnic nationalism. African intellectuals used traditional and religious ceremonies, theatre, 'izibongo' praise poetry, oral traditions, newspapers, public platforms and Zulu as a language to put forward their differing versions of history. The paper, using sources written in Zulu, focuses on two extremely negative views of Dingane, held by the Zulu nationalists John Dube and Rolfes Dhlomo; two uncompromising pro-Dingane views, held by the Africanists Selope Thema and Herbert Dhlomo; and two other sympathetic views of the king, offered by Petros Lamula and Isaiah Shembe. Notes, ref.