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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'A Boer and His Gun and His Wife are Three Things Always Together': Republican Masculinity and the 1914 Rebellion
Author:Swart, SandraISNI
Year:1998
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Volume:24
Issue:4
Period:December
Pages:737-751
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:Afrikaners
rebellions
1914
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
Historical/Biographical
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2637472
Abstract:The Defence Act of 1912 imposed colonial training methods, uniforms, the ranking system, very hierarchical bureaucracy, disciplinary codes and promotional norms in South Africa. The Act ignored old Republican protocols and threatened the identity of Boer men who had come to have their masculinity encoded and reinforced in the Republican commando system. In the build-up to World War I Afrikaans-speaking farmers and 'bywoners' in the western Transvaal and the northern Free State, who were alienated by the State's failure to alleviate the economic recession, went into rebellion with the hope of reestablishing a republic. Cultural images of commando may have corresponded little with the reality of warfare, but seductive imagery propagated by rebel leaders helped fuel the Republican nostalgia that centred on a particular understanding of Boer masculinity. The 1914 rebellion was the last battle for a threatened manhood in the complex of ideas and institutions that characterized a modernizing, industrializing society. Notes, ref., sum.
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