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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Oil Revenue and the Urban-Rural Dichotomy in Nigerian Development
Author:Badru, Pade
Year:1983
Periodical:African Urban Studies
Volume:17
Period:Fall
Pages:31-42
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:rural-urban disparity
economic planning
petroleum
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
Urbanization and Migration
Development and Technology
Abstract:An assessment of the sectoral contradictions generated by development planning in Nigeria by successive governments, both colonialist and nationalist. The author notes that despite enormous resources derived from crude petroleum, urban-biased planning policies have produced a rural economy almost at the point of collapse. After outlining the history of urbanbiased development planning by the Nigerian State, the author reviews case studies of three oil-producing rural communities - Obiafu/Obirikom, Izombe, and Oguta - almost at the threshold of destruction due to unregulated oil exploration by the multinationals, with the full support of the Nigerian State. The responses to rural decline and poverty have been such half-baked schemes as 'Operation Feed the Nation' and the 'Green Revolution', which have merely siphoned the nation's wealth into the pockets of both national and multinational companies and led to the 'systematic enclosure of peasants' land by the emerging class of capitalist farmers'. Bibliogr., notes.
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