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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Environment, development and poverty in Nigeria
Author:Umoh, Okon J.
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Geographic term:Nigeria
environmental policy
Abstract:In the quest for development in Nigeria, human activity and technology have greatly impaired the natural ecosystem by undermining its viability to such an extent that it has become diminished in terms of biodiversity, bioactivity and biomass, making it less able to withstand shocks. This is evident in the environmental impact of both agricultural and industrial development, which has led, amongst others, to overgrazing, deforestation, soil erosion, oil spillage, and pollution. Such deterioration of the environment is responsible for the pervasive level of poverty in Nigeria, which, in turn, has a negative impact on the environment. The discovery in 1988 that toxic waste had been dumped by an Italian firm at Koko in southern Nigeria incited the government to pay more attention to environmental issues and led to the establishment of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA), which has strived to formulate and implement environmental protection policies. To improve the living conditions of people in the immediate term and safeguard the standard of living for future generations, the degradation of land and forestry assets must be stopped, the ecological balance restored, and environmental protection made an integral part of the development process. Bibliogr., ref., sum.