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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Poverty reduction in Nigeria: participatory rural appraisal (PRA) strategy
Author:Iniodu, P.U.ISNI
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:popular participation
Abstract:The root causes of poverty are environmental, social, economic, and political. Amongst the fundamental causes is lack of productive employment. A proper identification of the underlying causes of poverty is crucial for the design of effective poverty alleviation strategies that may break the vicious circle of deprivation and poverty. The Federal Government of Nigeria considers poverty alleviation as the focus of government policy and has made provision for poverty alleviation in its annual budgets and in the ongoing national rolling plan. Two general approaches to poverty reduction have been adopted: the trickle down approach, relying primarily on market-based growth, and the targeting approach, involving government interventions. Neither approach has resulted in poverty reduction in Nigeria and it has become necessary to adopt a new approach, participatory rural appraisal. This approach provides a means for empowering the poor and enabling them to identify and analyse their problems and determine their priorities. Recent experiments by the Niger Delta Environmental Survey (NDES) on participatory rural appraisal in Akwa-Ibom, Delta and Rivers States seems to justify the shift to this new technique. Further policy guidelines for poverty reduction conclude the article. Bibliogr., sum.