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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Peasant commodity production in post-colonial Tanzania
Author:Bryceson, Deborah FahyISNI
Periodical:African affairs: the journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:agricultural policy
agricultural production
small farms
Abstract:This review aims at situating peasant commodity production in relation to the totality of the Tanzanian national economy. Peasant commodity production constitutes a sector of crucial significance since it provides the base of extractive value for the economy as a whole. There is, however, a fundamental contradiction embedded within this structural arrangement. Without the concurrent development of labour productivity in the peasant sector, the sector is bent on decimation. The peasants subjectively sense this. Their reversion to subsistence economy is not merely a reaction to commandism on the part of the state bureaucracy. Objectively, it is a reaction to the failure of the state bureaucracy to mount an effective productive infrastructure to deliver necessary productive inputs and technical know-how capable of raising peasant labour productivity. So, too, it is a reaction to the failure of the state bureaucracy to provide the marketing infrastructure capable of offering peasants gradually increasing material welfare that will enable them to be a continuing viable extractive base. Tanzania exemplifies the case of a bureaucracy that does not practice what it preaches. Fig., notes.