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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African Economic Problems and the African Position on the Law of the Sea in Relation to Manganese Nodules
Author:Payne, Richard J.
Periodical:Journal of Developing Areas
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:territorial waters
international law of the sea
iron-ore mining
international relations
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
External links:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4190843
Abstract:This article analyzes political, ideological, and economic factors that are frustrating efforts by the United Nations Third Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which has held eight sessions, to formulate new rules governing the use of the oceans, particularly the mining of manganese nodules. Specifically, this article examines the relationship between Africa's economic conditions and its position on the law of the sea with respect to mining manganese nodules. Most manganese nodules are found beyond the current jurisdiction of nations, in the areas of the ocean which have been designated as the 'common heritage of mankind'. Their exploitation (on a commercial basis) will not begin until about 1990. However, they have become the center of one of the most significant and lengthy debates at the United Nations and around the world. This debate demonstrates i.a. a struggle between developing countries and industrialized countries. African countries are attempting to create a legal order which is beneficial to them. Notes, tab., fig.