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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Civil Response to War: The Nyasaland Civil Service, 1914-1918
Author:Baker, Colin A.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Studies (UCLA)
Geographic term:Malawi
Subjects:civil service
World War I
History and Exploration
Labor and Employment
Abstract:The long-term consequences of the First World War on colonial government and the work of colonial civil services have been frequently discussed, but the proximate effects have received much less attention, and it is the purpose of this paper to attempt to rectify this omission by examining the immediate responses to the 1914-1918 war of one colonial service: Nyasaland's. Two major factors detemined Nyasaland's role and made her unique among British colonial territories during the war: 1) the country's close proximity to areas of actual warfare, and 2) the duration of active hostilities. Nyasaland was unique as a British colony in being in close proximity to the battle field and for the whole duration of the war having to engage in actual warfare either initially for a short period by defending her territory or more extendedly by pursuing the enemy through adjacent German I Portuguese and Northern Rhodesian territory. The effects of these circumstances upon the civil service were: concern with the manpower requirements of the East Africa campaign and, during the second half of the war, providing the civil administration of occupied enemy territory. The responses of the Civil Service to these demands are analyzed here. Notes.