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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Drainage basin development and political boundaries in Africa
Author:Faniran, Adetoye
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Geographic term:Africa
international law
river basins
Abstract:The problem with which this paper contends is that of international rivers, an international river basin being defined, according to the Helsinki rules, as a geographical area extending over two or more nation states and determined by the watershed limit of the system of rivers, including both surface and underground waters, flowing into a common terminus (United Nations 1970). Thus defined the area of the earth's surface located within international river basins grew rapidly, particularly between 1945 and 1965, when over 60 new nations gained political independence. Consequently more than 150 major watercourses, draining more than half of the earth's land surface, came to be shared. The situation with regard to Africa, aptly described among others by Faniran (1971) and Dekker (1972), raises many problems for river basin development, among which is that of effective international co-operation. Sections: The concept of the drainage basins and national boundaries in Africa - The development of international drainage basins - The case of federal states. Ref., tables, figures.