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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Wage Determination and the Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative Labour Systems in Small Holder Agriculture
Author:Chipeta, Chinyamata
Periodical:Eastern Africa Journal of Rural Development
Geographic terms:Malawi
Subjects:agricultural workers
small farms
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Abstract:The wage bill is the largest component of farm expenditure in Malawian smallholder agriculture. Economy in the use of hired labour can, therefore, significantly inlfuence the magnitude of gross Margins. Owing to lack of suitable data, the present study is not aimed at indicating what difference each mode of saving, and hence each labour system, makes to gross margins. Bather, it is concerned with the forces which determine the cost-effectiveness of each mode of saving, i.e. work output per unit expenditure, and the determination of wages under the corresponding labour system, as well as the relationship of one to the other. The relevant labour groups are cash labour (permanent, temporary group, temporary individual) and commodity paid labour (beer labour, maize labour, chicken labour). Cash payments may be supplemented by commodity payments. The source of data for the study is a sample survey conducted between March and April, 1970, in Rumphi District. Notes, tab.