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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Mahdist Correctional System in the Sudan: Aspects of Ideology and Politics
Author:El-Tigani Mahmoud, Mahgoub
Periodical:Africa Today
Geographic term:Sudan
Law, Human Rights and Violence
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4186002
Abstract:The Mahdist state (1885-1898) was not in anarchy, as is often projected in colonial writing. Following the triumph of Mahdist revolutionaries over the foreign rule of the Turko-Egyptian administration, the state was built on the image of Islamic teachings and experiences together with administrative and social structures already established in Sudanese culture. The Mahdist correctional system was administered according to a traditional penal philosophy which emphasised deterrence more than correction. Yet Sudanese values played an intervening role which frequently allowed for a humane and sympathetic treatment of inmates in the prison population. The characteristics of the correctional system in the Mahdist state were in part different from those of the prior Turko-Egyptian administration (1821-1885). This is due to the fact that the Mahdist state was both an indigenous product of Sudanese mentality and social reality, and a product of the Turko-Egyptian administration - a foreign and colonial construct imposed on the Sudan. Notes.