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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Residual Legislatures: The Cases of Tanzania and Zambia
Author:Tordoff, WilliamISNI
Periodical:Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics
Geographic terms:Tanzania
Subjects:executive power
heads of State
Politics and Government
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/14662047708447291
Abstract:Increasingly since independence the politics of Tanzania and Zambia have been characterised by the 'Divine Right of Presidents' (presidentialism in African government, where key decisions are often taken by the President without the concurrence of the Cabinet, let alone reference to Parliament). This trend is not unconstitutional. The constitutions of Tanzania and Zambia confer the executive power on the President and, since the Cabinet is advisory to him, he is entitled to act at his own discretion. Though neither constitution grants the President law-making powers such as were conferred on Ghana's first President under the 1960 Republican constitution, this restraint, within the context of a single-party state, is more apparent than real. It is because the substance of power lies with the executive that Parliament in each country may be said to have a 'residual' role. It is in this context that the author makes a comparative analysis of the powers of the Parliaments in the two countries. Notes.