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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Shifting cultivation in the Ituri forest (Haut-Zaire): colonial intervention, present situation, economic and ecological prospects
Author:Rösler, MichaelISNI
Year:1997
Periodical:Civilisations
Volume:44
Issue:1-2
Pages:44-61
Language:English
Geographic terms:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Belgium
Subjects:colonialism
agricultural history
shifting cultivation
Link:https://civilisations.revues.org/1608
Abstract:The current system of shifting cultivation in the Ituri Forest of northeastern Zaire can best be described as neotraditional, composed of modern (colonial) and traditional (precolonial) structural elements. It is a locally adapted version of what was introduced by the Belgian colonial administration as 'paysannat indigčne', which involved resettlement schemes and compulsory cultivation. The present paper discusses the ethnological, economic, and developmental implications of this perspective from the villagers' point of view. It reconstructs precolonial agriculture in the area, shows how it was transformed under colonial rule, and traces postcolonial developments. Empirical data were collected during field research in the period 1987-1989 in the 'collectivité des Bombo'. Attention is also paid to the situation of the Bambuti Pygmies, who are associated with the Bombo (or Mbo) through patron-client relations. Notes, ref.
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