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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Anatomy of Income Distribution in Urban Ethiopia
Authors:Bigsten, ArneISNI
Makonnen, N.
Year:1999
Periodical:African Development Review
Volume:11
Issue:1
Period:June
Pages:1-30
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:income distribution
urban households
Economics and Trade
Urbanization and Migration
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1467-8268.00001/pdf
Abstract:Poverty is gradually spreading to the urban areas of Ethiopia. Using data from the Ethiopian urban socioeconomic survey conducted in late 1994 in seven urban centres - Mekele, Dessie, Bahir Dar, Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, Awassa, and Jimma - the authors analyse the level of economic well-being of urban households in Ethiopia, presenting estimates of average incomes for the various urban centres, as well as for the total sample. In particular, they tabulate the distribution of total household income by income group and city; calculate average income levels by household size and composition; compare income distribution per capita and per consumption unit; investigate the sources and structure of household incomes in the urban centres; look at the determinants of household income per labour force member and in different categories, primarily wage income and business income; and compute various indices of income inequality in the urban population. They conclude that wage employment is by far the most important source of income for urban households, the two other most important activities being female household business and formal business, and that diversification is a typical strategy of the poor. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in English and French.
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