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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The origin of iron smelting in Africa
Author:Tylecote, R.F.
Periodical:West African Journal of Archaeology
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:Iron Age
iron and steel industry
Abstract:Two recent excavations have now done a lot to clear up the question of the priority of iron working in Africa. The Nok culture site at Taruga in Nigeria has demonstrated an Early Iron Age tradition of non-slag-tapping furnaces belonging to the last few centuries B.C.; and MeroŽ in the Sudan has shown that most of the iron making there belongs to the first two centuries A.D., and that this material represents Roman-type slag-tapping furnaces. It is now suggested that the Nigerian iron tradition stems from North Africa, probably from Carthage, while Meroitic iron making was influenced by the Roman occupation of Egypt. App., fig., ref., tab.