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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Native Land Husbandry Act of 1951 and the Rural African Middle Class of Southern Rhodesia
Author:Duggan, William R.
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:colonial policy
agricultural policy
communal lands
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/722121
Abstract:The Rhodesian state's first coherent agricultural policy, in the decade before World War I, was to eliminate the commercial production of Africans and encourage that of settlers. Industrialisation after 1940 produced an ambivalent government policy; protection of settler farmers was costly to the growing manufacturing sector. The Native Land Husbandry Act (NLHA) of 1951, which introduced individual tenure under government control in the reserves, was a compromise between the upper and lower strata of settler society. Marketed African production was allowed to increase as long as it cost the state little and was generalised, not geared towards a rural middle class. Unequal access to land prevailed in the African farming areas and the actual implementation of the NLHA revealed how it was a policy designed more to stabilise labour than to create a rural middle class or even resuscitate reserve agriculture in general. Soon after 1960 the NLHA was abandoned. Notes.