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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Contract Farming and the Peasantry: Case Studies from Kenya
Authors:Hansen, Mogens B.
Marcussen, Henrik S.
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic term:Kenya
small farms
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Labor and Employment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Economics and Trade
Abstract:The aim of this paper is to re-examine the position of the dependency school, and to analyse the 'logic' in the recent development of agro-industrial production and agri-business in the Third World, with reference to empirical findings in Western Kenya. In the case of tea, the state, through the Kenya Tea Development Authority (KTDA), in competition with large multinational corporations, took control over an increasing number of links in the agro-industrial chain. In the case of sugar, the links between international agri-business, international financial institutions and the state have so far contributed considerably to state accumulation, and have ensured national self-sufficiency in sugar. The crucial point is whether this agro-industrial development necessarily leads to a process of proletarianisation, increased exploitation and generally deteriorating conditions of reproduction for smallholders. The authors' empirical findings do not support such generalities. Compared to other smallholders in Kenya, contract fanaers are economically better off. Bibliogr., note. Debate by Suzette HEALD, Alex HAY In: Rev. Afr. Polit. Econ., 1985, 34, p. 89-94.