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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Proposal For Orienting Technical Research By Resource Scarcities and Population Pressures
Author:Bartlett, C.
Year:1979
Periodical:Eastern Africa Journal of Rural Development
Volume:12
Issue:1-2
Pages:173-184
Language:English
Geographic terms:Africa
Tanzania
Subjects:agricultural research
farm management
cotton
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Bibliography/Research
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Abstract:Methods of production in snail-scale African agriculture and the adoption of innovations have been strongly influenced by resource scarcity and population pressure. On the other hand, widespread adoption of research results has not taken place and yet growth on this basis must now be the greatest hope for increasing incomes of fanners in the less-developed countries. One reason why many innovations recommended on the basis of research have not been adopted by small farmers may be that these innovations are not beneficial to the fanner. They have been recommended on the basis of inappropriate analyses. A more appropriate analysis would indicate whether the innovation makes better use of scarce resources in attaining the goals of the fanners than do his present production methods. Research should therefore, be oriented by resource scarcities and should be adjusted to local conditions. A case study of cotton in Sukumaland is given as example. Ref.
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