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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Conflict and Regional Peacekeeping: ECOMOG's Hegemonic Role in Liberia and Sierra Leone
Author:Conteh-Morgan, Earl
Year:1998
Periodical:Liberian Studies Journal
Volume:23
Issue:2
Pages:78-92
Language:English
Geographic terms:Sierra Leone
Liberia
Subjects:civil wars
military intervention
ECOWAS
peacekeeping forces
Military, Defense and Arms
Inter-African Relations
Politics and Government
Abstract:In the post-Cold War period, violent ethnopolitical conflicts within States assail the integrity of the State, thereby impelling key actors (major powers and international organizations) to intervene in order to prevent total State collapse, uphold human rights practices, and forestall regional anarchy. In other words, the high incidence of violent ethnopolitical conflicts as well as the dislocative effects of weak developing economies are increasingly transforming the nature of peacekeeping towards more support for intervention to defuse intra-State conflicts. To a large extent, violent intra-State conflicts in developing countries have expanded and internationalized peace-keeping/humanitarian efforts, or generated newly emerging power relationships and structures. This analysis examines the ECOWAS intervention in Liberia (1990) and Sierra Leone (1998) in terms of 1) peacekeeping as a hegemonic function of a regional organization; 2) a case of substantive shift from traditional intervention to new variations of peacekeeping, and 3) the ECOWAS Defense Protocol and its peacekeeping provisions. Notes, ref.
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