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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Africa's land-locked countries: a study of dependency relations
Author:Reitsma, Hendrik J.A.
Periodical:Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subject:landlocked countries
Abstract:Land-locked countries are over-represented among the group of least developed countries in Africa. Compared to Africa's coastal states, they are faced with three serious handicaps: absence of seaports, long trade routes to the coast, and dependence on coastal states for transit. The paper focuses on the dependence relationship in an attempt to demonstrate that relative location can contribute significantly to the vulnerability and weak bargaining position of African land-locked countries, and that these factors, in turn, help explain their relative backwardness. Because Third World land-locked countries generally occupy a lower position in the global dominance structure than do Third World coastal states it seems advisable that geographers incorporate the distinction between land-locked and coastal states in their centre-periphery models. Fig., notes, ref., tab.