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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Ethiopian Patriots and the Collapse of Italian Rule in East Africa, 1940-1941
Author:Pankhurst, Richard
Year:1968
Periodical:Ethiopia Observer
Volume:12
Issue:2
Pages:92-127
Language:English
Geographic terms:Italy
Algeria
Subjects:colonization
anticolonialism
national liberation movements
History and Exploration
nationalism
colonialism
Abstract:By entering the Second World War Mussolini had in fact staked his East African empire on the outcome of the global conflict, for his action had almost inevitably merged the five-year-old struggle between the Ethiopian patriots and the occupying forces into the wider, global war between the Allies and the Axis powers. The Ethiopian Patriots, well-nigh forgotten by the outside world, found themselves with allies in the Sudan, in Kenya, and, for a short while, in the British and French Somali Protectorates. Popular opposition to the fascist regime and fears that the already existing guerrilla movement would blossom into a 'native' insurrection demoralised the Italian troops - isolated from their home base in Italy - and paralysed their leadership The activities of the Ethiopian patriots contributed greatly to the defeat and disintegration of Italian power as well as to the final mopping up of fascist units all over the country. Drawing information from a remarkable number of sources, the author gives a detailed description of the events of that time. Ref., photos.
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