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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A comparative description of infant feeding practices in Zaire, the Philippines and St. Kitts-Nevis
Authors:Gussler, Judith D.
Mock, Nancy
Year:1983
Periodical:Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Volume:13
Issue:2
Pages:75-85
Language:English
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subject:baby food
Abstract:Infant feeding issues and research commonly portray infant feeding practices as a dichotomus variable, that is, breast- versus bottle-feeding. This research establishes the complexity and variability in infant feeding patterns in three sites in the developing world. Comparative data are presented on the modes and products used to feed infants in Kinshasa, Zaire; St. Kitts-Nevis, West Indies; and Cebu City, Philippines. They demonstrate that in these areas most infants receive some breast milk. Bottle-feeding also is common but rarely is the exclusive mode of feeding. And the prevalence, manner of use and role of the bottle varies among the three sites. Early supplementation of breast milk by a variety of liquids, semisolids and solids is typical of all three areas. These findings have impportant implications for educators and policy makers, and to research efforts relating infant feeding practices to infant health outcomes. Fig., notes, ref., tab.
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