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Title:The Origins, Endeavours and Demise of the Ethiopian University Service: A Look at the Evolution of an Idea
Author:Darge Wole
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
Subjects:civic service
Education and Oral Traditions
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Ethiopian University Service
Universities and colleges
government policy
Abstract:In 1964 Haile Sellassie I University (now Addis Ababa University) introduced a one-year required student service programme, the Ethiopian University Service, to be conducted primarily in the rural areas of Ethiopia. Once hailed as 'an inspiration of genius' and 'a remarkable success', the programme was discontinued almost abruptly in 1974, after over 3800 students had served in about 146 centres. What explains the demise of a programme that was appealing and effective initially? Precedents in student community service, concordance of the programme with government interests of the time, consultations among the concerned, the programme's relatively low cost and its responsiveness to community needs help explain the programme's success. Reasons for the programme's discontinuation include: departure from the original objectives, worsening administrative problems, competing priorities in the University, and a new government that saw it as anachronistic or threatening. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.