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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:High Fertility and the Demand for Labour in Peasant Economies: The Case of Bukoba District, Tanzania
Author:Kamuzora, C. Lwechungura
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:child labour
small farms
Labor and Employment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Health and Nutrition
Abstract:This paper is concerned with the work contributions of children as an explanation of the 'persistence of high fertility' in a smallholder agricultural (peasant) economy. The significance of children's labour to the household is discussed as arising from high demand for labour which, it is argued, is generated from stagnant high labour-intensive technology in production and low returns from market exchange, all associated with national and international exploitation. Data from a time allocation survey in Bukoba District show significant work contributions by children, and permit estimations of total household labour supply and demand which show full use of all available labour. In peasant economies labour contribution is one, if not the most, important value of children. The purpose of this study is to establish this first by reasoning, and then with the aid of a case study of Bukoba District (Tanzania). Notes, ref., tab.