The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here
|Leiden University catalogue
|Al-Hajj Sa'ad Umar Touré and Islamic educational reform in Mali
|Language and education in Africa
|Sa'ad Umar is the founder and director of a medersa school in Segu, Mali, known as Sabil al-Falah (pathway to success). He started teaching in 1947, and by 1978 the school boasted an enrolment of some 1200 students from many West African countries. The medium of instruction in the school is Arabic, the curriculum is broad-based, allocating about equal time to Islamic studies and to subjects such as maths, science, history, geography, etc. The paper first presents Sa'ad Umar's explanation of how his school came into existence. A second section outlines how he dealt with those who opposed his project. Notes, ref.