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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The manpower crisis: education is out of step with needs
Author:Damachi, Ukandi G.
Year:1972
Periodical:Africa Report
Volume:17
Issue:5
Pages:12-16
Language:English
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:labour force
employment
Abstract:The most pronounced manpower problems in Africa as a whole are rising unemployment in the urban centers and underutilization of available labor. Most affected people are primary-school leavers. The causes of unemployment include high rates of population increase, excessive rural-urban migration, educational facilities that are 'out of balance' with manpower needs, a too-slow rate of economic growth and industrialization and high wages in the modern sector. A second problem is the shortage of critical skills. On the one hand too many university graduates in the arts, humanities, social sciences and law are being produced, but at the same time, a real shortage of scientific and technical graduates exists. The main long-term solution must be population control and increased rural income, which will lead to the retention of surplus labor in the rural areas. The problems concerning rural transformation all show the importance of developing innovators and organization builders.
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