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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Pre-Intervention Trust-Building, African States and Enforcing the Peace: The Case of ECOWAS in Liberia and Sierra Leone
Author:Levitt, Jeremy
Periodical:Liberian Studies Journal
Geographic terms:Sierra Leone
Subjects:civil wars
military intervention
peace negotiations
Military, Defense and Arms
Politics and Government
Inter-African Relations
Abstract:This article examines the dynamics of trustbuilding in a pre-intervention context. Specifically, it analyses the concept of trustbuilding prior to the ECOWAS humanitarian interventions in Liberia (1990) and Sierra Leone (1997). These cases demonstrate that pre-intervention trustbuilding can determine post-intervention operational outcomes and the extent to which a humanitarian enforcement mission may succeed. The paper shows that the ECOWAS-Ecomog intervention in Liberia was far less successful than the one in Sierra Leone due to the negligible amount of pre-intervention trustbuilding that took place prior to intervention. Legitimacy, resource capacity, doctrine formulation and transparency are key pre-intervention trust-promoting principles that African States need to consider before partaking in peace enforcement operations. When a State, a group of States or a regional actor intend to employ military force in another State, the cases studied suggest that pre-intervention trustbuilding may decrease the chances that the relevant parties will oppose intervention, and lessen the likelihood that combatants will violently resist an operation. Notes, ref.