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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Fortis-Lenis contrast in West African languages
Author:Gerhardt, LudwigISNI
Periodical:Afrika und Übersee: Sprachen, Kulturen
Geographic term:West Africa
African languages
Abstract:The author discusses the contrast between fortis and lenis consonants which plays an important role in the phonological systems of some West African languages, but which has been lost - or, at least, is of no relevance - in other contemporary languages or language groups. Before entering the comparative aspect of the problem the author briefly describes the phonetic characteristics of the sounds in question. Lit., notes, tab.: 1. Fortis and lenis sounds in Proto-Edoid (Elugbe 1973); 2. Fortis consonants as reflex of class prefix cl. 9/10; 3. Bifferent reflexes of Proto-Plateau -s in Plateau 2; 4 Different reflexes of Proto-Bantu phonological units in Tu-Nen (A. 44); 5. Different reflexes in Mbe (Nigerian Bantu); 6. Pre-Bantu lenis consonants an their correspondences in other West African language groups; Differences in Plateau reconstructions indicating an earlier fortis-lenis contrast; 8. Lenis-sounds in Pre-Bantu reconstruction and in Plateau; 9. Irregularities in the formation of plural verb stems in Zarek.