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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Tanzahian Ujamaa and scientific socialism
Author:Rodney, W.ISNI
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs
Geographic term:Tanzania
Abstract:This article - an exercise in theory, bearing in mind that historically the theory of socialism preceded the establishment of socialism as a system in any part of the globe - attempts to identify Tanzanian Ujamaa with Scientific Socialism in certain ideological essentials. The comparison of Scientific Socialism (or Marxism) with Tanzanian Ujamaa is not completely analogous, since the latter is neither explicit nor all-embracing. One must, in most cases, seek ideology in human actions, combined to greater or lesser extent with statements of principle or policy: the word 'Ujamaa' has already been popularised, firstly as referring to the extended family of African communalism and secondly with reference to the creation of agricultural collectives known as Ujamaa villages. Advanced is the negative proposition that Tanzanian Ujamaa is not 'African Socialism'. Much has been done in the way of policy decisions to indicate and build the relevant social structures, thereby further differentiating Ujamaa from its erstwhile counterparts of 'African Socialism'. Notes.