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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethnicity as the Resilient Paradigm for Africa: From the 1960s to the 1980s
Author:Shaw, Timothy M.ISNI
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Africa
Economics and Trade
Ethnic and Race Relations
Development and Technology
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.1986.tb00255.x
Abstract:Examination of the dialectic of ethnicity and class and of the seeming resilience of ethnicity as both paradigm and politics, ideology and reality, in Africa. The salience of ethnicity was generally at its peak in the late 1950s and the early 1960s, the era of the 'mass' nationalist movement but also a period of rapid growth in the world economy. From the mid-1970s onwards, when the revenues available to the state in many African economies began to decline, the mask of ethnicity cracked to reveal considerable class consciousness and conflict. The apparent resilience of ethnicity may be more apparent than real. The character of ethnicity may have undergone a transformation away from state-supporting forms of patronage and manipulation towards state-subverting forms of self-reliance or separatism. Ethnicity has changed in definition, attraction and implication, if not in terminology. Bibliogr.