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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Variation and composition principles of the residence group (band) of the Mbuti Pygmies: beyond a typical/atypical dichotomy
Author:Terashima, HideakiISNI
Periodical:African Study Monographs: Supplementary Issue
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Abstract:The residential group or band of the Mbuti hunter-gatherers has been one of the central concerns among students who did fieldwork in the Ituri forest. Although every researcher agrees that the band is a basic unit of socio-political as well as local organization of the Mbuti, there is remarkable discrepancy in opinions on the nature of the band. The author has conducted research into the residence groups of Mbuti (Efe) archers in Andiri Locality in 1978-79 and 1983, and has come to the opinion that it makes no sense to consider a certain kind of Mbuti socioresidential arrangements as typical and others as atypical, since the typical band model is made on the assumption of 'pure hunting and gathering substence' which is actually an illusion. The author presents the variation and composition principles of the basis of his own data on Andiri archers as well as making comparisons with the data on other Mbuti groups, and discusses a seeming applicability of the patrilocal band model to the residence groups of the Mbuti. - App., fig., map, notes, ref., sum., tab.