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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Political Economy of Tribal Animosity: A Case Study of the 1929 Bulawayo Location 'Faction Fight'
Authors:Van Onselen, CharlesISNI
Phimister, Ian R.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:ethnic relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
History and Exploration
Economics and Trade
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2636770
Abstract:'Faction fights' and urban disturbances have been prominent features of southern and central African ghetto life. In Bulawayo 'faction fights' had occurred at least sine the turn of the 19-20th century. Christmas Day 1900 witnessed an attack by 250 Ndebele on a 'Zambezi' encampment near the town, apparently as revenge for the murder of a Xhosa and an Ndebele by the northerners. After the Boer War, there was trouble between the Xhosa and the Ndebele, again a few years later between Ndebele and 'Sambas Natives', and by 1930 'native disturbances' had become a familiar part of Bulawayo's Christians and New Year holidays. So long as 'tribal conflict' did not jeopardize production and was confined to mine compounds, sustained state interest and action was conspicuously lacking. Only when the violence promised to be uncontrollable, at the very least to seriously inconvenience the town's white residents, and if successful to disrupt the pattern of labour mobilization and control throughout Matabeleland, was the state moveved to mount an attack against the 'Knobkerrie Warfare in Bulawayo'. The background to these 'riots' is exposed. Notes.