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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Archaeological Evidence and Conventional Explanations of Southern Bantu Settlement Patterns
Author:Huffman, Thomas N.
Year:1986
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Volume:56
Issue:3
Pages:280-298
Language:English
Geographic term:Southern Africa
Subjects:Nguni
Tswana
migration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Anthropology and Archaeology
Links:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1160685
http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&res_dat=xri:pao:&rft_dat=xri:pao:article:4011-1986-056-00-000017
Abstract:The settlements of Bantu-speaking people in Southern Africa vary widely in size and distribution, ranging from the dispersed homesteads of the Nguni to the large towns of the Tswana. The contrast between Tswana and Nguni settlements is most often attributed to differences in social stratification, cultural preference or environmental conditions. The author develops a model of political and settlement hierarchies to isolate the essential differences between Nguni and Tswana communities, and then presents archeological evidence that calls into question these conventional explanations. An explanation of the unique Tswana settlement pattern must turn to an understanding of its specific historical context, which involved an interplay between specific facets of environment, agriculture, population dynamics, wealth and political power. Bibliogr., sum. in French.
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