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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Tradition and Control in Natal's Rural Areas: Restructuring in Agriculture and the 1986 Ngotshe Cooperative Agreement
Authors:Mare, Gerhard
Hamilton, Georgina
Periodical:Journal of Natal and Zulu History
Geographic terms:South Africa
labour relations
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:The Ngotshe (or Louwsburg) Accord made international news when it was signed in August 1986 during the start of the terrible period of violence within the province of Natal and the Kwa-Zulu bantustan. It was an accord between local white farmers and their African labourers, aimed at keeping at arm's length trade unionism and government regulation. Through a focus on the Ngotshe Accord this paper examines what was a more general attempt by conservative forces, at least as they were located in Natal and Kwa-Zulu, to restructure the means and measures for maintaining capitalism during this period of most intense resistance to apartheid. It was also aimed at protecting a conservative political order in South Africa, by moving beyond strict apartheid rules into cross-'racial' alliances, but employing 'traditional' elements maintained ambiguously by apartheid. This local study shows how such measures were attempted by some fractions of agricultural capital, and how they fitted into the Inkatha movement's attempts at broader regional political alignment. Bibliogr., notes, ref.