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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Shari'a Law in the Sudan: History and Trends Since Independence
Author:Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn
Periodical:Africa Today
Period:2nd Quarter
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:Islamic law
Religion and Witchcraft
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Abstract:Shari'a Islamiya - Islamic law - in the Sudan constitutes a separate sub-division in the national judicial apparatus which administers Sudanese law within Civil and Shari'a sections. Popularly referred to as el Ahwal Shaksia (personal matters or relations), the Shari'a during colonial and post-colonial times has been relegated to the personal and family law of Sudanese Muslims, while the British colonial administration imposed a variant of the Indian Penal Code and a western-based civil law. In fact the history of the Shari'a through the various occupations of the Sudan is one where legal policy was determined for the purpose of colonial rule. With independence an indigenous course has been charted, one which has steadily moved toward the definition of the Sudan as an Islamic Republic to be governed by the principles of the Shari'a. The pursuit of this thout its political risks course has not been without its political risks and the future of the Shari'a in the Sudan will depend on the balance of forces yet to be played out between the secularists and religious leaders and regional forces. Notes.