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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Social Change and the Gwembe Tonga
Author:Colson, Elizabeth
Periodical:Rhodes-Livingstone Journal
Geographic term:Zambia
Subjects:Tonga (Zambia, Zimbabwe)
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Development and Technology
Abstract:The author has recently been engaged in the replication study of the Gwembe Tonga peoples in their enforced removal and the flooding of their homelands by the waters of the Kariba Dam. After outlining the method and plan of her replication she devotes the first part of her article to a brief reiteration of the general ecology of the Gwemba Tonga, of Chezia district, with particular reference to river-bank cultivation and land rights, and then to the matrilineage, bridewealth and technological changes already apparent. She then discusses the structural changes concomitant with removal to and along tributaries and the high plateau, with notable effects on leadership patterns, value systems and the emergence of individual affluence in the western entrepreneurial sense. The resultant disequilibrium in agnatic relations presents a growing problem to which economic extension measures may only be a temporary palliative. She hints at a source of possible future conflict: Reversion to shrine worship may increase proportionately with over-population and further soil exhaustion. Reference note.