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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Italo-Ethiopian Conflict: A Case Study in British West African Response to Crisis Diplomacy in the 1930's
Author:Asante, S.K.B.ISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic terms:English-speaking Africa
West Africa
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/181074
Abstract:The reaction of the anti-colonial nationalists in British West Africa to the diplomacy of their ruling colonial power with regard to the italo-Ethiopian crisis of 1935-6 was influenced by their claim to special relationship with Britain and their firm belief in British power and British 'gospel of equity and fair-play'. When Britain and France failed to protect the territorial integrity and political independence of the black empire of Ethiopia, the race-conscious nationalists concluded that there was a plot among the whites against the black race. This belief was reinforced by: the refusal of Britain and France to supply arms to Ethiopia; the Hoare-Laval peace pact of 1935; the British recognition of the Italian conquest of Ethiopia. Disenchantment with the League of Nations and disillusionment with the diplomacy of the colonial powers during the crisis, led the nationalists to reconsider their relationship with Britain and the doctrine of 'civilising mission'. From working within the trusteeship concept they moved to a militant anti-white pan-Africanism. Notes, summary.