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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Colonial marketing and urban development in the African reserves
Author:Memon, P.A.
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Geographic term:Kenya
communal lands
Abstract:The objective of this paper is a geographical analysis of the evolving systems of marketing in relationship to urban development in the African Reserves in Kenya during the colonial period up to 1940. After a brief introduction on the political and economic context of African Reserves in Kenya, the first part of the paper examines the pattern of trade and urban development in the Reserves through the medium of Indian entrepreneurship. Then follows examination of the current development of a second marketing system in the Reserves controlled by an indigenous African commercial community. These two marketing systems that had developed in the Reserves were challenged and radically transformed during the 1930's when they came into conflict with the interests of European settler farmers in the White highlands. The third part of the paper shows how the Kenya Farmers Association (KFA) achieved monopoly control over marketing of agriculture produce throughout the country. The KFA along with a few large firms in Nairobi was given legislative powers to centralise marketing of African produce by limiting the number of selling points and by eliminating the numerous Indian and African traders. Notes, tab.