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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Study of the Comparative Ecology of African Gatherer-Hunters with Special Reference to San (Bushman-Speaking People) and Pygmies
Author:Tanaka, Jiro
Year:1978
Periodical:Senri Ethnological Studies
Issue:1
Pages:189-212
Language:English
Geographic terms:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Botswana
Subjects:Pygmies
San
hunter-gatherers
environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:The present paper compares the G//ana (who belong to the Central San) of the arid Kalahari Desert with the Mbuti of the wet Ituri Forest of eastern Zaire. Firstly, the vegetation of the African continent is reexamined and the vegetation of the habitats of the G//ana and Mbuti classified. Secondly, the similarities of material culture between two peoples with the same mode of subsistence and the differences caused by the extremely different environmental conditions of their habitats are discussed. Thirdly, the techniques of individual hunting in arid open lands and collective hunting in forests, because of the differences in environmental conditions, are described, as is the effect of different hunting methods on the organisation of social groups. Finally, the social group is discussed in relation to hunting behaviour using data concerning the predatory behaviour of primates and of social carnivores. Bibliogr., fig., photogr., tab.
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