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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The development of institutions in the states of the Eastern Niger Delta
Author:Alagoa, E.J.ISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic term:Nigeria
traditional polities
Abstract:The states of the Eastern Niger Delta responded in recognizable ways to the introduction of European overseas trade in slaves and palm-oil from the 16th through the 19th century. Suggested here: by the time of European advent these states were already in the process of profound changes in response to other internal situations: Migration from the fresh water Central Delta to the salt-water Eastern Delta (possibly before A.D. 1000) dictated changes. Change from farming to fishing economy led to changes in the social and political system. Inability of the fishing economy to satisfy basic needs led to long distance trade to the hinterland and other parts of the Niger Delta, which caused other structural changes, accelerated by the European overseas trade. Thus the institutions of the farming village developed, into the kingship (before c. 1400) and House system (before c. 1600) of the states of the Eastern Niger Delta (city-states; trading states). Notes, summary.