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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Nineteenth Century African Protest in Angola: Prince Nicolas of Kongo (1830?-1860)
Author:Wheeler, Douglas L.
Year:1968
Periodical:African Historical Studies
Volume:1
Issue:1
Pages:40-59
Language:English
Geographic terms:Angola
Portugal
Subjects:colonialism
national liberation movements
history
1800-1899
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/216190
Abstract:The traditional and most common form of protest in Angolan resistance to Portuguese rule was armed rebellion. In the late 19th century new forms of protest appeared: Angolans with varying degrees of Western education began to express their protests in writing, both to letters to authorities and in colonial newspapers. One of the earliest Angolan written protests is the letter of a prince of the Kongo Kingdom, Nicolau de Agua Rosada e Sardonia, published in the Lisbon daily 'Jornal do Commercio' of 1 December 1859, in which he protested against Portuguese commercial and political activity and military expansion. This essay deals with this antecedent to later Angolan nationalism. It is based on documents discovered by the author in the Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino in Lisbon in 1962. Notes, appendix; translation of Prince Nicolas's letter.
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