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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Independent Africa in trouble
Author:Vine, V.T. leISNI
Periodical:Africa Report
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:political stability
coups d'état
Abstract:Examination of post-independence instability in Africa. Discussed: 1. the rise, and changing role, of the African military - 2. the contribution of specific internal difficulties (political, social, economic) to political instability - 3. some psychological variables that illuminate the behavior of those involved in recent political troubles. Points 1 and 2 are illustrated through a discussion of the events in November-December 1966 in Dahomey. The examples of psychological variables deal with several countries. ith regard to the problem of stability, a number of African states that have so far escaped political unrest show some common features: 1. moderate, but visible progress in social and economic development - 2. ability to reconcile potentially divisive social, economic, or ethnic interests - 3. political order that permits some political dissension - 4. genuine popular support. Resources that are both exploitable and saleable, plus ethnic and cultural homogeneity are helpful. Relative stability has been shown so far by Liberia, Niger, Ivory Coast, the Fed. Rep. of Cameroun, Zambia.