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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Roots of Political Stability in Kenya
Author:Tamarkin, Mordechai
Periodical:African affairs: the journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:political stability
Politics and Government
Abstract:Kenya's political stability is usually attributed to the charismatic leadership of her president, Jomo Kenyatta, a view which reflects the official myth rather than the reality. An analysis of the regime's structural institutional framework and social basis shows that Kenya's political stability rests on a balance within the military system, on the centralisation of power within the state structure and on the neutralisation of potential foci of organised opposition. The regime is supported by most of the African bourgeoisie, which has vested interests in the system, and by the dominant position of Kikuyu tribesmen in the political and economic spheres. Political stability is also enhanced by the emasculation of the masses as a political factor, by the decline of the tribe as a base for political opposition, and by a policy combining a selective use of coercion and the integration of opponents into the establishment. The article ends with an assessment of prospects for future political stability. Notes.